Typical Computer Input/Output and Storage Devices

Input / Output and Storage Devices
Input OutputStorage
Keyboard Monitor Floppy Disk
Mouse Printers (all types) Diskette
Trackballs Audio Card Hard Disk
Touchpads Plotters Disk Cartridge
Pointing Sticks LCD Projection Panels CD-ROM
Joysticks Computer Output Microfilm (COM) Optical Disk
Pen Input Facsimile (FAX) Magnetic Tape
Touch Screen Speaker(s) Cartridge Tape
Light Pen . Reel Tape
Digitizer . PC Card
Graphics Tablet . *RAID
Scanner . *Memory Button
Microphone . *Smart Card
Electronic Whiteboard . *Optical Memory Card
Video Cards . .
Audio Cards . .


The programme emphasizes the integration of knowledge, skills and values.

The knowledge to be acquired in the ICTL for Secondary School Programme consists of concepts and facts about ICT, including ICT terminology. It includes procedures in managing computer laboratory, computer hardware, computer software, network and the Internet.

The skills involved are communication skills, information skills, managing computer system and problem-solving skills.

The values inculcated by the ICTL for Secondary School Programme are responsibility, accountability, respect, cooperation, virtue and abide by ICT code of ethics.


The scope of the ICTL for Secondary School Programme is designed according to four domains:
• Computer Lab Management
• Computer Hardware
• Computer Software
• Networks and The Internet
Each domain is divided into learning areas. It enables pupils to expand their knowledge, enhance their skills and inculcate values in life. The holistic approach of the content Organisation allows pupils to incorporate culture, beliefs, nvironment and experience to be a person who is open-minded, disciplined, confident and creative (Figure 1).

Pupils have various levels of competency in ICT skills. Therefore, the learning areas may be taught in any sequence according to student ability. This also means that teachers are not confined to follow the order in which the topics are set out.


At the end of this programme, pupils should be able to:

• acquire and apply ICT knowledge and skills creatively to assist them in their aily life;
• share ideas and information among themselves, within and beyond the school
environment; and
• demonstrate responsibility and accountability towards ICT infrastructure and its used.


Below are suggestion of rules and regulations for computer lab users.

1. Pupils are prohibited to enter the lab unless authorised by the teacher.

2. Scan diskettes before using them.

3. Report all problems related to the system to the teacher.

4. Do not attempt to repair or tamper with lab equipment.

5. Be responsible when using equipment, software and facilities in the lab.

6. Do not move any equipment from its original position.

7. Do not remove or load any software into the computer.

8. Do not change the settings in the computer.

9. Save all work in external storage device and not in the computer.

10. Do not bring in bags, food and drink into the lab.

11. Turn off the computer accordingly after use.

12. Switch off all power supplies before leaving the lab.

13. Internet facility is strictly for educational purposes only.

14. Teachers should record the use of computer lab in the lab log book.

15. All users should record the use of computers in the computer log book.

16. The Lab should be kept clean and tidy at all times.

Panitia ICTL SMK Sultan Ismail Kemaman


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